Thinking to plant a water (aquatic) plant? Well, Lotus flower is a beautiful aquatic plant, and they are available in various range of sizes and colors and the most common colors are red, pink, yellow, and white. The plants can be grown from seeds or tubers, but seeds will not produce a lotus flower the first year while they develop into tubers.
The method for Growing Lotus flower Seed is by using the following steps:
- Scar the seeds: File the pointed tip of the seed down to one layer using a standard metal file. If you do not scar the seed, it will not grow and may rot.
- Place the seeds into a glass of warm water: The water should not be chlorinated and must be changed every day until the lotus seeds sprout. After the first day of soaking, the seeds should swell to nearly twice their original size. Seeds that float are almost always infertile. File any floating seeds down until you see a hint of the white meat on the inside of the seed. If these seeds do not swell like the others, discard them to avoid letting them cloud up the water.
- Continue changing the water daily even after the seeds sprout: You must be more delicate than before to avoid disturbing the growth, however. Growth should start after four or five days of soaking, but you will need to wait a few more days until the seedling is at least 6 in. (15.24 cm) long before transferring.
- Pick the right pot: A 3 to 5 gallon (11 to 19 liter) container should provide a young lotus plant with enough room to grow. A black plastic bucket works best because of its ability to retain heat and warm the seedlings. You also need to choose a bucket that does not have any drainage holes. The plant can actually gravitate toward the drainage holes and begin growing outside of them, causing the plant to underperform.
- Anchor the seeds: Lotus seeds without an anchor may find their way out of the soil and end up floating on the surface of the water. Gently wrap a small amount of modeling clay around each seed, but do not cover the sprout.
- Fill your pot with dense soil: The ideal soil is about two parts clay and one part river sand. Fill the pot with about 6 in. (15.24 cm) of this potting medium.
- Gently press the seeds into the top of the soil: The seeds should rest near the top of the soil, but you should brush a light layer of soil over the seeds after you press them in.
- Lower the pot into shallow water: The water should be a maximum of 18 in. (45.72 cm) deep and at a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21.1 degrees Celsius).
- Maintain a water temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). The plant only grows at temperatures that high or higher.
- Give your Lotus as much sun as possible. Lotus plants thrive in full sun, but if your pond is not located in full sun, you should at least give the plant as much sunlight as possible by removing any foliage from other plants that may block out the sun. After temperatures rise about 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees Celsius), you should consider adding some shade to prevent the delicate leaves from burning.
- Prune your lotus as necessary. Snip away yellow leaves, but only cut the stems off above the surface of the water.
- Fertilize your lotus using pond tabs. Pond tablets are specially made for use with aquatic plants. Small varieties only need about 2 tablets, but large varieties may need 4 tablets. If growing your lotus from seed, do not fertilize during the first year of growth. Begin fertilizing after a lotus tuber sprouts six leaves. Add fertilizer every three to four weeks. Stop fertilizing in the middle of July. If you do not stop, the plant will not be able to prepare for dormancy.
- Watch for pests. Aphids and caterpillars are known to be attracted to lotus leaves, so you may need to apply a small amount of powdered pesticide to the leaves in order to kill these pests. Do not apply liquid pesticides, however, since liquid pesticides are more likely to burn the leaves.
- Before the first frost, reposition your Lotus. Move the pot into the deepest part of the bond to protect the top of the tuber from ice that develops on the surface of the water. You can also remove the pot and sit it in a garage or basement until the weather warms up again.
- Repot the tuber every year. Only repot in the early spring, when new growth has just begun developing. Use a soil made of clay and river sand, and transfer it to a container that is the same size as its original container, planting it at the same depth.
If you know a different method to grow lotus flower plant from or have any doubt feel free to leave a comment below.
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